Korean terminology

The Beginning of Class

  • To the Flags, bow-  Gook Ki-Ae, Gyung Nae
  • To the Master, bow  -  Sabum-Nim Kae, Gyung Nae

5 Tenents of Tae Kwon Do

  • Courtesy
  • Integrity
  • Perseverance
  • Self-Control
  • Indomitable Spirit

Cardinal Numbers

  • 1  -  하나 Hana
  • 2  -  둘 Dul
  • 3  -  셋 Set
  • 4  -  넷 Net
  • 5  -  다섯 Da-Seot
  • 6  -  여섯 Yo-Seot
  • 7  -  일곱 il-Gop
  • 8  -  여덟 Yuh-Dol
  • 9  -  아홉 Ah-Hope
  • 10  -  열 Yul
  • 20  - 스물 Sue-Mul
  • 21  -  스물하나 Sue-Mul Hana
  • 30  -  서른 Suh-Run
  • 31  -  서른하나 Suh-Run Hana
  • 40  -  마흔 Mah-Hun
  • 50  -  쉰 Shi-Eun
  • 60  -  예순 Yeh-Soon
  • 70  -  일흔 il-Hun
  • 80  -  여든 Yuh-Deun
  • 90  -  아흔 Ah-Eun
  • 100 -  백 Baek

GENERAL

  • School Owner / Headmaster  -  Kwan-Jang-Nim
  • Master  -  Sabum-Nim
  • Instructor  -  Gyo-San-Nim
  • Senior  -  Sun-Bae-Nim
  • Junior  -  Hoo-Bae-Nim
  • School  -  Dojang
  • Uniform  -  Dobok
  • Grade  -  Geup
  • Degree  -  Dan
  • Flag -  Gook ki
  • Yell  -  Ki-Hap
  • Form (Pattern)  -  Poomsae
  • Black Belt Holder  -  Yoo-Dan-Ja
  • Thank You  -  Gamsa-Hab-Ni-Da
  • You're Welcome  -  Chun-Man-Hae-Yoh

FOR THE CLOSING OF CLASS

  • To the flags, bow  -  Gook Ki-Ae Gyung Nae
  • To the Master, bow  -  Sabum-Nim Kkae Gyung Nae
  • Thank you sir!  -  Gamsa-Hab-Ni-Da!
  • Practice is finished  -  Woon-Doon Ggut
  • Hello Sir! (How are you?)  -  Ahn-Nyong-Hah-Shim-Ni-Kka?
  • Goodbye Sir!  -  Ahn-Nyong-Hee Gae-Ship-Shio!

BLOCKS / MAKKI

  • X Block  -  Yeoi Pero Makki
  • High Block  -  Eol-Gul Makki
  • Middle Block  -  Mom-Tong Makki
  • Low Block  -  Ah-Rae Makki
  • Knife-Hand Block  -  Son-Nal Makki
  • Spreading Block  -  He-Cho Makki
  • Inside Block  -  Mom-Tong Ahn Makki
  • Outside Block  -  Mom-Tong Bak-kat Makki

KICKS / CHAGI

  • Front Kick  -  Ahp Chagi
  • Side Kick  -  Yup Chagi
  • Round Kick  -  Dol-Yuh Chagi
  • Back Kick  -  Dwi Chagi
  • Hook Kick  -  Hoo-Ryuh Chagi
  • Crescent Kick  -  Ban-Deul Chagi
  • Jumping Kick  -  Twi-Uh Chagi

MOVEMENTS / DONG-JAK

  • Block  -  Makki
  • Strike  -  Chi-Gi
  • Kick  -  Cha-Gi
  • Sparring  -  Gyuh-Roo-Gi
  • Holding  -  Jap-Gi
  • Thrusting  -  Ji-Ru-Gi
  • Jumping  -  Twi-Uh
  • Spreading  -  He-Cho
  • Gathering  -  Moh-Ah
  • Offense  -  Gong-Gyok
  • Self-Defense  -  Ho-Shin-Sul

STANCES / SUH-GI

  • Attention Stance  -  Moa Suh-Gi
  • Ready Stance  -  Joon-Bi Suh-Gi
  • Horse Stance  -  Joo-Choom Suh-Gi
  • Forward Stance  -  Ahp Gubi Suh-Gi
  • Back Stance  -  Dwi-Gubi Suh-Gi
  • Twisted Stance  -  Koa Suh-Gi
  • Walking Stance  -  Ahp Suh-Gi
  • Tiger Stance  -  Bum Suh-Gi
  • Crane Stance  -  Hak Dari Suh-Gi